Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) is regarded by most scholars to be the founder of modern neurology.
Known to be an excellent clinical teacjer, he was a professor at the University of Paris for 33 years and was associated with Paris’s Salpêtrière Hospital that lasted throughout his life, ultimately becomiwas known as an excellent medical teacher, and he attracted students from all over Europe. His focus turned to neurology, and he is called by some the founder of modern neurology.
Charcot took an interest in hysteria, a mental disorder with physical manifestations, which he believed to be the result of an inherited weak neurological system, set off by a traumatic event like an accident
He learned the technique of hypnosis to evaluate these patients, and very quickly became a master of the relatively new “science.”
He believed that a hypnotized state was very similar to a bout of hysteria, and so he hypnotized his patients in order to induce and study their symptoms.
Charcot’s work also included other aspects of neurology – he was first to describe the degeneration of ligaments and joint surfaces due to lack of use or control, now called Charcot’s joint. He discovered the importance of small arteries in cerebral hemorrhage. He described hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy.
He died in 1893 in Morvan, France.
The new movie focuses on his relationship with one hysterical patient named Agustine,
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